The Government – What It Is And How It Is Organized


The government makes the rules that people must live by and ensures those rules are followed. It also judges any conflicts between the rules. In the United States, the government consists of three branches: the legislative branch (Congress), the executive branch and the judicial branch. The founders of the United States designed the government to be effective by creating a system of checks and balances.

Some government responsibilities include providing goods for citizens, protecting them from invasion or attack, and running education and transportation systems. It can also protect citizens from environmental hazards. Governments can also provide social services for the poor and elderly, and help companies compete in the global marketplace. Some governments even provide national defense and intelligence gathering.

Governments can raise money for their activities by taxing businesses or individuals. It can also borrow money to fund projects that would not otherwise be completed. In addition to these functions, the government can enforce laws and punish criminals. It can also make sure that all citizens are treated fairly and equally.

Most government agencies offer flexible work schedules, which can benefit employees with families or other commitments. Some departments are also immune to sudden changes in the economy, so they are often a source of stable employment. Government jobs also pay well, and they can offer a pension and health benefits.

There are many types of government in the world, and different forms are more or less compatible with each other. The main types of government today are democracies and totalitarian regimes, although there are also a number of hybrid governments. In the past, there have been monarchies, aristocracies, oligarchies and tyrannies, among others.

To be considered a form of government, an organization must have the following characteristics: (1) It must be organized in some way and have substantial autonomy. (2) It must have a public character. (3) It must have a monopoly over some of its functions.

In the United States, the legislative branch of government — Congress — is responsible for making laws. It is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate, with 435 representatives and 100 senators elected by Americans. The House of Representatives has members from every state, while the Senate has two members for each state, plus one additional member from Washington D.C.

The executive branch — which includes the President and Cabinet — handles the day-to-day operations of the government. The judicial branch, on the other hand, makes sure that all laws and how they are enforced are consistent with the Constitution. They are like referees in a game, making sure that everyone follows the rules.

In the United States, government has been a vital institution since its founding. Some citizens believe that the government should be limited, while others think it should be involved in everything from health care to education to national defense. Most citizens want to have a say in how their government is run, so Western democracies such as the United States, Britain and France allow them to vote. They also support freedom of the press and allow citizens to express their views in other ways.